Dokku makes it very easy to deploy and run simpler web apps. Recently, I had to deploy a slightly more complex web app with multiple non-web worker services talking to each other. It’s surprisingly simple to get make this work.
Services talking to each other
The web app itself is built using Django, so Dokku deploys it using the Python buildpack. Let’s call this service
There is also Postgres, Redis, a Celery beat and Celery worker processes. I consider these services to be part of a simple web app since they are straightforward to set up using Dokku.
In the more complex setup, I have to run two additional services, service
B using Go.
W is exposed to the Internet using Dokku with NGINX.
Polyglot web app
Luckily, Dokku supports multiple buildpacks. Dokku just needs some markers that say it’s a Python and Go project. Having initialized Dokku using Python, I can simply add Go:
$ dokku buildpacks:add facebook https://github.com/heroku/heroku-buildpack-go
$ dokku buildpacks:list facebook
-----> facebook buildpack urls https://github.com/heroku/heroku-buildpack-python https://github.com/heroku/heroku-buildpack-go Connection to server closed.
B run different Go executables compiled from the same code base. Dokku knows how to build a project with
go.mod file by compiling all the
In order to override the binary names a file
bin/go-post-compile can be added with following contents:
#!/bin/bash set -e go build -o bin/a servicea/main/main.go go build -o bin/b serviceb/main/main.go
Procfile looks something like this:
release: python manage.py migrate web: gunicorn config.wsgi:application --workers=2 worker: celery -A config.celery_app worker --loglevel=info beat: celery -A config.celery_app beat --loglevel=info b: bin/a a: bin/b
Great! This is how to deploy multiple Processes using different tech stacks with Dokku. Let’s make them talk to each other.
It’s trivial with Dokku to have a web app responding to requests with many other side car processes communicating through Redis or Postgres.
A is talking to service
B via a HTTP API. Service
Dokku creator Jose Diaz-Gonzalez suggests to attach a separate network
. Let’s assume our app is called
$ dokku network:create my-network
$ dokku network:set facebook attach-post-deploy my-network
After a restart service
A is able to talk to service
B on host
facebook.a because of the process name defined in
B listens on port 8090 so the full
SERVICE_B_URL would be
Update the configuration:
$ dokku config:set facebook SERVICE_B_URL=facebook.a:8090
A can now talk to